The Compromise of 1850 admitted the State of California into the Union as a free state, but included only an "Act to establish a Territorial Government for Utah." Why? There were many contributing factors, but Colonel Thomas L. Kane believed the "improper conduct" of the representative of Deseret hurt the cause of Deseret statehood. Even though Kane and Babbitt were both Democrats, the colonel was un-impressed with the delegate from Deseret. Conversely, he was highly pleased with the "modest good sense and careful purpose to do right" of Dr. Bernhisel, who conducted his personal and public affairs with "upright deportment and gentlemanly demeanor. . . ." Melville asserts that Kanes advice is still pertinent today.