In the midst of the Cold War, Richard Poll asserts that reason can prevent the onset of World War III. In this article, he discusses how countries are more hesitant in starting a conflict because of the high cost of a nuclear war. Poll also describes the four tendencies America has that could encourage another general war: doing too little, doing too much, doing too little and then too much, and confusing success with failure. He argues that these natural propensities can be overcome by using logic and reason. Thus people as citizens of countries have the ability, through reason, to prevent a third world war.